The cayenne pepperalso known as the Guinea spice, Cow Horn Pepper, aleva or bird pepper or, especially in its powdered form, red pepperis a hot, red chilli pepper used to flavour dishes and for medicinal purposes. Named for the city of Cayenne in French Guiana, it is a cultivar of Capsicum Annuum related to bell peppers, jalapeos, and others. The Capsicum genus is in the nightshade family (Solanaceae).The fruits are generally dried and ground, or pulped and baked into cakes, which are then ground and sifted to make the powdered spice of the same name. Cayenne is used in cooking spicy dishes, as a powder or in its whole form (such as in Sichuan cuisine) or in a thin, vinegar-based sauce. It is generally rated at 30,000 to 50,000 Scoville Units. It is also used as an herbal supplement, and was mentioned by Nicholas Culpeper in his 17th century book Complete Herbal.
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