Araucaria araucana - Monkey Puzzle Tree - 5 Seeds

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Araucaria araucana (commonly called the Monkey Puzzle Tree, Monkey Tail Tree, Piñonero, Pewen or Chilean Pine) is an evergreen tree growing to 1–1.5 m (3–5 ft) in diameter and 30–40 m in height. It is native to central and southern Chile and western Argentina. Araucaria araucana is the hardiest species in the conifer genus Araucaria. Because of the prevalence of similar species in ancient prehistory, it is sometimes called a living fossil. It is also the national tree of Chile. Its conservation status was changed to Endangered by the IUCN in 2013 due to the dwindling population caused by logging, forest fires, and grazing. It is usually dioecious, with the male and female cones on separate trees, though occasional individuals bear cones of both sexes. The male (pollen) cones are oblong and cucumber-shaped, 4 cm long at first, expanding to 8–12 cm long by 5–6 cm broad at pollen release. It is wind pollinated. The female (seed) cones, which mature in autumn about 18 months after pollination, are globose, large, 12–20 cm in diameter, and hold about 200 seeds. The cones disintegrate at maturity to release the 3–4 cm long nut-like seeds.

The Monkey Puzzle Tree can also make an interesting Bonsai specimen.

 

Araucaria araucana - Monkey Puzzle Tree - 5 Seeds
Araucaria araucana - Monkey Puzzle Tree - 5 Seeds